The Dolomites

Venice is of course the main attraction,

but at a few hours drive from Venice, you can find many attractive places to see: we’re talking

about the Dolomites...

Millions and millions of years ago, the Dolomites, were a vast and immense plain, which with the passing of the centuries turned into a tropical sea with numerous atolls and volcanoes, which grew in size, then all sank into the ocean, until when Europe and Africa did not clash, bringing out soaring and imposing mountains: the Dolomites.

The geological history

of the Dolomites begins about 280 million years ago when in the Permian a mountain range, located at the edge of an oceanic gulf, began to sink: the Dolomite region became a great warm sea.

lake dolomiti

Numerous sediments began to settle, which were added, thanks to the intense volcanic activity, deposits of porphyries.

From around 240 million years ago, many organisms, which needed light to live, began to build cliffs, atolls and small islands,

whose history is easily readable in the Dolomites, the only fossil archipelago in the world.

This period was also characterized by another important phenomenon that engraved on the history of the Dolomites UNESCO

World Heritage: volcanism.


For a long time strong eruptions affected the area so that lava and volcanic rocks buried and modified the reefs.

236 million years ago, in the Ladinic, the volcanoes were extinct, they were eroded, their rocks were deposited in the sea and the

organisms could again give life to new coral reefs: so a vast coastal plain was formed.

228 million years ago, in the Noricum, the dolomite region sank back into the sea, thus favoring the formation of carbonatic deposits.


Between 210 and 190 million years ago, between Triassic and Lower Jurassic, there was a new phase of sinking with new accumulations of sea limestone.

Jurassic and Cretaceous Jurassic

Subsequently, between the Jurassic and Cretaceous Jurassic, then between 170 and 65 million years ago, there was a massive deposit of fine limestone and marl sediments (sedimentary rock composed of clay and calcium carbonate).

At the end of the Cretaceous, these same sediments, due to the clash between Europe and Africa, began to emerge and become a mountain range.

In this period the tectonic movements of the earth were very intense, but not in the Dolomites, which once again makes it clear that these mountains are truly unique and special.

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