So, how venice it’s been built?
How venice was built?... Venice consists of 118 small islands connected each other by numerous canals and bridges.
Yet, the buildings in Venice were not built directly on the islands...
They were built, instead, upon wooden platforms that were supported by wooden stakes driven into the ground.
The history of Venice - How venice was built
It begins in the 5th century A.D. and after that Western Roman Empire has fallen when the barbarians from the north were raiding Rome’s former territories.
In order to escape these raids, the Venetian population on the mainland escaped to the nearby marshes.
Found refuge on the sandy islands of Torcello
, Iesolo and Malamocco.
Although the settlements were initially temporary in nature, the Venetians gradually inhabited the islands on a permanent basis.
In order to have their buildings on a solid foundation, the Venetians first drove wooden stakes into the sandy ground.
A 17th century book which explains in detail the construction procedure in Venice demonstrates the amount of wood required
just for the stakes.
Thus, how venice was built?
According to this book, when the Santa Maria Della Salute church was built, 1,106,657 wooden stakes, each measuring 4 metres,
then driven underwater.
Thus, one can imagine the scale of this undertaking.
Wooden Foundations of Venice
The city of Venice: built on wooden foundations
The use of wood as a supporting structure may seem as a surprise, since wood is relatively less durable than stone or metal.
The wooden support in Venice is submerged underwater, thus, they don’t have oxygen, one of the elements needed by microorganisms to survive.
In addition, the constant flow of salt water around and through the wood petrifies the wood over time, turning the wood into a hardened stone-like structure.
As of today, the lagoon that has protected Venice from countless foreign invaders is the biggest threat to its survival.
To the local Venetians, the flooding of the city seems to be a normal phenomenon as the water level rises about a dozen times a year.
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